By Charles P. Bourne
Each box of historical past has a uncomplicated want for a close chronology of what occurred: who did what whilst. within the absence of any such source, fanciful debts flourish. This booklet presents a wealthy narrative of the early improvement of on-line info retrieval structures and companies, from 1963 to 1976--a interval very important to an individual who makes use of a seek engine, on-line catalog, or huge database. Drawing on own event, large study, and interviews with a few of the key members, the publication describes the members, tasks, and associations of the interval. It additionally corrects many universal error and misconceptions and offers milestones for plenty of of the numerous advancements in on-line structures and know-how.
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Extra info for A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976
Licklider) who wanted to demonstrate the technical feasibility of a computerto-computer network, and directed that the experiment be done in this way. The SRI system was working with the earliest of the SDC time-sharing systems, before time-sharing was available for BOLD or other SDC projects. SDC schedules permitted SRI to be connected to the Q-32 for about sixteen hours per week before September 30, 1963, and ten hours per week thereafter. Remote Teletypes had previously been connected to the SDC system, but SRI’s CDC-160A was the only remote computer Chapter 2 that had been hooked up to the SDC time-sharing system by that time, and as such, was among the ﬁrst geographically separated computer-tocomputer networks (a 2-node network) (Schwartz, Coffman, and Weissman 1964).
One of his early projects there was the SRI-SDC online demonstration in support of Engelbart’s AHI project. ESD supported this eight-month project (May—December 1963); total funding was a modest $39,000. For the project, Bourne studied almost twenty operational batch search systems that had been demonstrated at other organizations. Trying to incorporate everything he had learned and believing that an online approach was a natural and logical extension of what had already been done with batch systems led him in late 1963, along with programmer Len Chaitin, to demonstrate an online bibliographic and full-text search system they had designed and implemented on the Q-32 computer at SDC-Santa Monica (Bourne 1963, 1999).
Question answering could be simulated only manually. Simmons (1962) included an example of how these card ﬁles could be used to demonstrate the logic and rules that would need to be programmed. As soon as programmers and linguists became available, the computerized Protosynthex began to take shape, ﬁrst on an IBM 7090 and later on SDC’s IBM AN/FSQ32V computer—commonly called Q-32 (Simmons 1965b). Since the 7090 had a time-sharing system it was possible to run Protosynthex from a terminal (Cuadra 1997).
A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976 by Charles P. Bourne