Janet Burton, Karen Stöber's Abbeys and Priories of Medieval Wales PDF

By Janet Burton, Karen Stöber

ISBN-10: 1783161817

ISBN-13: 9781783161812

This quantity is a finished, richly illustrated advisor to the non secular homes of Wales from the 12th in the course of the 16th centuries. It bargains a radical advent to the heritage of monastic orders in Wales, together with the Benedictines, Cluniacs, Cistercians, and so on furthermore, it presents specific debts of virtually sixty communes of non secular women and men. Descriptions of the extant is still of the constructions, in addition to maps, flooring plans, and visitor info make this not only a piece of scholarship, yet an essential advisor for pilgrims in addition.

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It is a measure of the self-confidence of the General Chapter that it could order the miscreants to journey to Clairvaux (mother house of Cwmhir’s mother house of Whitland) to do penance. Whether they did so or not we cannot tell: we have written record of the order, but not its execution. Cluniac houses were also subject to visitation by members of the order, as might be Benedictine dependencies of larger abbeys. The houses of Black Monks were self-regulating, but there emerged a system, formalised at the beginning of the thirteenth century, of periodic visitation, by a bishop or archbishop, of the religious houses of his diocese.

The church lay at the heart of a monastic complex and as the locus for communal worship, the Opus Dei or work of God, it was the most important building. Churches were generally cruciform, or cross-shaped, and the monks’ choir generally lay under the crossing (where the long and shorter arms of the cross intersect) and in the easternmost bays of the nave. The nave itself would have been used by visitors or by parishioners where the nave had a parochial function, and, in Cistercian churches, by the conversi.

Here were see Benedict attempting to create a compromise: hospitality was a sacred duty but potential disruption could and should be minimised. One of the monks (or nuns in a female community) was given the office of guest master/mistress to ensure compliance with the Rule in this respect. The granting of hospitality was only one way in which monasteries performed a social function. Closely allied to this activity was the provision of charity or almsgiving. So important was this function in a medieval religious house that a monk, canon, or nun, would be given a special office, that of almoner, to oversee the dispensation of food, drink, and other necessities to those in need.

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Abbeys and Priories of Medieval Wales by Janet Burton, Karen Stöber


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