By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a very likely very important approach for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the state of affairs of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming neighborhood, this is applicable much more. The examine documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and power advantages of utilising the tissue-cultured know-how between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, principal Kenya, utilizing a livelihood process. the implications convey that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs based on the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, significantly a water tank, inhibits adoption, regardless of HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged ladies dominate one of the terrible families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, not directly with the feasibility of sustainable know-how adoption. The examine additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are prompted by way of land tenure prestige (having identify deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up on account of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional info for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
Income differences between the sending and receiving areas are one of the major pull factors, while land fragmentation (at inheritance), landlessness and seasonality are main push factors. Kenya has a long history of labour migration as a common livelihood strategy among the rural farming households. The culture of migration in Kenya is attributed to both push and pull factors. The urban centres created by the colonial administrators such as Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru, Eldoret, Kisumu, Kitale, Thika, Nyeri, Nanyuki, all located by the railway line, acted as pull factors for migration in Kenya.
Technology adoption heavily relies on the farmers’ accessibility to good-quality and appropriate information. The effects of HIV/AIDS on extension services compromise all this. 3 The concept of gender Gender refers to socially constructed maleness and femaleness and varies widely across cultures. The role of gender in livelihood generation cannot be overemphasized. This is because men and women bear different responsibilities and have different options in household livelihood generation. The concept of gender is used to describe all the socially given attributes, roles, activities and responsibilities associated with being a male or a female in a given society.
There are several definitions of households offered by different authors. According to (Ellis, 2000:18) ‘Household is conventionally considered as the social group which resides in the same place, shares the same meals, and makes joint or co-ordinated decisions over resource allocation and income pooling’. Pennartz and Niehof (1999:3) define households as social units that enable individuals of different ages and sexes, to pool income from multiple sources in order to ensure their individual and collective livelihood.
Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya by Faith Njeri Nguthi