By U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration
The complex Avionics guide is a brand new booklet designed to supply common aviation clients with finished details on complex avionics apparatus to be had in technically complex plane. This instruction manual introduces the pilot to flight operations in airplane with the newest built-in “glass cockpit” complicated avionics platforms. This instruction manual is designed as a technical reference for pilots who function plane with complicated avionics structures. even if flying a traditional plane that includes a worldwide positioning method (GPS) navigation receiver or a brand new plane with the newest built-in “glass cockpit” complicated avionics approach, you need to locate this instruction manual useful in getting begun. the arriving of latest know-how to basic aviation airplane has generated visible alterations in 3 parts: details, automation, and concepts. Pilots now have an unheard of quantity of data to be had at their fingertips. digital flight tools use cutting edge ideas to figure out airplane angle, velocity, and altitude, featuring a wealth of data in a single or extra built-in shows. a collection of cockpit details structures presents pilots with info approximately airplane place, deliberate path, engine future health and function, in addition to surrounding climate, site visitors, and terrain. complicated avionics platforms can instantly practice many initiatives that pilots and navigators formerly did by way of hand. for instance, a space navigation (RNAV) or flight administration process (FMS) unit accepts a listing of issues that outline a flight path, and immediately plays many of the direction, distance, time, and gasoline calculations. as soon as en direction, the FMS or RNAV unit can regularly tune the placement of the plane with appreciate to the flight course, and show the direction, time, and distance last to every element alongside the deliberate path. An autopilot is able to instantly steerage the airplane alongside the course that has been entered within the FMS or RNAV approach. complex avionics practice many features and substitute the navigator and pilot in so much strategies. notwithstanding, with the potential for failure in any given approach, the pilot needs to be capable of practice the mandatory services within the occasion of an gear failure. Pilot skill to accomplish within the occasion of apparatus failure(s) skill closing present and educated in attaining the guide initiatives, retaining keep an eye on of the plane manually (referring simply to standby or backup instrumentation), and adhering to the air site visitors keep watch over (ATC) clearance obtained or asked. Pilots of recent complicated avionics airplane needs to study and perform backup strategies to take care of their abilities and data. hazard administration ideas require the flight group to continually have a backup or substitute plan, and/or get away direction. complicated avionics airplane relieve pilots of a lot of the minute-to-minute tedium of daily flights, yet call for even more preliminary and recurrent education to maintain the abilities and information essential to reply competently to mess ups and emergencies. The FMS or RNAV unit and autopilot supply the pilot a number of tools of plane operation. Pilots can practice the navigational initiatives themselves and manually keep an eye on the plane, or decide to automate either one of those projects and imagine a managerial function because the structures practice their tasks. equally, details structures now on hand within the cockpit offer many concepts for acquiring facts correct to the flight. complicated avionics structures current 3 very important studying demanding situations as you strengthen skillability: 1. how you can function complicated avionics structures; 2. Which complicated avionics platforms to take advantage of and whilst; three. How complex avionics structures impact the pilot and how the pilot flies
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Additional resources for Advanced Avionics Handbook
GPS-based FMS/RNAV units certified to TSO-C145A or TSO-146A may be used when an alternate airport is required in the flight plan for the approaches at the destination and alternate airport if the WAAS is operational. No other navigation avionics would be required. Units certified under TSO-C129 are not authorized for alternate approach requirements. The aircraft must have stand-alone navigation equipment, such as VOR, and there must be an approved instrument approach at the alternate airport based on that equipment.
GPS RNAV units usually use only GPS signal sources, but may be able to receive VOR and DME signals as well. In the future, many GPS units will probably receive eLORAN as well, since it is a long range navigation system with greatly improved accuracy as compared to the older LORAN-C. One advantage of the LORAN (“e” or “C”) system is that it is ground based and can be easily maintained, as compared to space-based navigation sources. Accessing Navigational Information En Route One of the most useful features of an FMS database is its ability to provide quick access to navigational information.
If the navigation system does display position with respect to the planned descent path, you can usually recapture the planned descent path and resume flying with vertical guidance from the computer. The basic technique is to initiate descent at a reasonable descent rate that is less than the planned descent rate. If you follow this initial descent rate, you will eventually intercept the planned descent path, as shown in Figure 3-35. 3-23 Flying a greater than planned descent rate causes you to descend too quickly and end up below the planned descent path.
Advanced Avionics Handbook by U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration