K P Prabhakaran Nair's Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom. The King PDF

By K P Prabhakaran Nair

ISBN-10: 0123918650

ISBN-13: 9780123918659

  • ''This is a good replacement to the chemically propelled business agriculture of eco-friendly Revolution that has led to hostile environmental fallout on Indian soils. Black Pepper has a chequered background. It was once in truth the 'spice warfare' among the Arabs, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British that ended in the colonisation of India, which started with the touchdown of Vasco da Gama on Kappad seashore. within the ebook, Prbhakaran Nair strains the starting place, background, international unfold, improvement, agronomy, foodstuff, economic climate, international alternate, pharmacopoeia and finish items of the 2 spice plants of the area, referred to as the 'king' and 'queen' of spices. The ebook has been introduced by way of Elsevier foreign. The digital ebook has been introduced at the new 'Elsevier Insights' undertaking, a brand new notion in digital publishing.''--bnlive.in.com

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Additional info for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom. The King and Queen of Spices

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With two to four nodes buried in the soil. Cuttings are planted at an angle of 35° to 45° with reference to the standard. For the first three to four weeks, the cuttings must be shaded from the sun. 6 m in size. Rooted cuttings are also used. Precautions explained earlier must also be adhered to in order to protect the cuttings. The procedures used in the case of prerooted cuttings, except that they have a better ability to withstand heat exposure from sunshine, are the same as described earlier.

Could also be considered as pests of major importance. However, this review will primarily focus on the pollu beetle. The insect pest derives the name pollu because of the hollow berry that results from its infestation (pollu means “hollow” in the regional Malayalam language of Kerala). , 1994). The extent of attack by the pollu beetle varies, and reports of damage vary from 6% to 21% (Thomas and Menon, 1939), while Rehiman and Nambiar (1967) report damage as much as 30–40% in the state of Kerala.

If the cuttings are unrooted, four to five could be planted. At least one node should be below the soil for the establishment of roots. To accelerate growth, pits can be filled with topsoil, farmyard manure, rock phosphate, and neem cake mixture (Pillai, 1992). , 1992). In order to support the climbing vine on the standard, it should be tied as frequently as necessary using jute thread. Pruning of the terminal part, though not extensively practiced in India, encourages growth and bearing (Kurien and Nair, 1988).

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Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom. The King and Queen of Spices by K P Prabhakaran Nair

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