Solomon Zeitlin's An Historical Study of the Canonization of the Hebrew PDF

By Solomon Zeitlin

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Tan. 70d. -ni= ;ii n,n r'yn i-it: nwyn. CANONIZATION OF THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES 155 lyptic nature, which were written in the Hebrew language, or in the Greek language, were considered ,nilmnmv'iD and these books were prohibited from being read, and anyone who read these, according to the rabbis, would not share a portion in the world to come, while such books which have no connection whatsoever with Judaism,"7 as the books of Hamerum (Homer), were not prohibited from being read. The early Jewish literature may be divided into two sections p a the Holy Scriptures, and the Extra-Canonical Books nz ripn l which occurs in modern Hebrew ,alxn D,I D.

110On the texts, editions, and literature see Charles, pp. 242-247; Schtirer, Gesch. III. 152 ZEITLIN gods, and demanded that Nebudhadnezzar alone should be worshipped as God. The Jews who had but lately returned from the Exile, resolved to resist Nebuchadnezzar with all their might and to defend their country and their religion. Joakim, the high priest in Jerusalem, sent instructions to Bethulia to stop the passes leading to the Capital. Holofernes called a council of officers to decide how to proceed with the campaign against the Jews.

Apparently the institution of the Sanhedrin was not yet in existence at that time, otherwise the author would certainly have mentioned CANONIZATION OF THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES 151 the fact that Susanna was summoned to appear before the Sanhedrin. This proves that the story was written before the existence of the Sanhedrin, which means that it was written before the time of Simon II. Furthermore, Daniel in cross-examining the witnesses, asked the name of the tree under which the act of adultery was committed.

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An Historical Study of the Canonization of the Hebrew Scriptures by Solomon Zeitlin


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