By Andrew D. Evans
Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists performed their paintings in the middle of full-scale conflict. The self-discipline used to be quite new in German academia while international battle I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans finds during this illuminating ebook, its improvement was once profoundly altered through the clash. because the conflict formed the institutional, ideological, and actual surroundings for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline became its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist exercise essentially excited by medical stories of race.
Combining highbrow and cultural background with the background of technological know-how, Anthropology at struggle examines either the origins and results of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the choice to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which brought on them to concentration their examine on racial reports of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new new release of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially varied. After the battle ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types persevered, paving the way in which for the politicization of medical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.
"Evans not just bargains a proof for the major transition within the heritage of German anthropology, he additionally provides the main accomplished heritage of the self-discipline on hand so far. Even past this remarkable scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the historical past of technology, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technology and politics." - Matti Bunzl, college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"
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Additional resources for Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany
What function did these organizations serve? They provided the anthropological sciences with an institutional framework and powerful internal networks that strengthened the three subdisciplines. Through them, those interested in anthropology were able to connect with one another at the local, national, and even international level. Within each local branch, the central events were monthly meetings at which members gave papers and presented their latest research. Each year the larger national organization also held an annual conference, which the members of local societies attended.
Nowhere was this more apparent than in the institutions where anthropology, ethnology, and prehistoric archaeology sought to find their respective homes. Physical Anthropology and the Search for an Institutional Locus In the late nineteenth century, the anthropological disciplines were primarily represented in three institutions within the larger academic and scientific world: anthropological societies, universities, and ethnographic museums. Of these, the societies played the most crucial role at first, because anthropology, broadly defined, received relatively little support from the state and had no clear home at the university in the initial years of its existence.
Within these organizations, anthropology as a field of inquiry was organized around three subdisciplines: physical anthropology, ethnology, and prehistory. In theory each area had a distinct purview, but in reality a great deal of overlap existed between them in the first several decades of their existence. ”21 The goal was to discover, by using the empirical methods of the natural sciences, the physical characteristics that differentiated humans from each other. ” The methods varied, but usually incorporated the measurement and quantification of anatomical attributes, with particular attention to the bones and skull.
Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany by Andrew D. Evans