By Janice J. Gabbert
Antigonus Gonatas assumed the name King of Macedonia in 283 BC; he turned the undisputed ruler of Macedonia in 276 BC and reigned for greater than 40 years. Blunt, sincere and tenacious, Antigonus received not just Macedonia, but in addition its humans. Pragmatic and infrequently ruthless, he was once a well-educated guy with a prepared curiosity in philosophy. He collected approximately him poets, philosophers and historians; his lengthy reign, regardless of vicissitudes, re-established Macedonia as a kingdom. Janice J. Gabbert portrays the eventful lifetime of this enigmatic king in a full of life and fascinating demeanour. Her objective is to track the political occupation of a guy approximately whose existence nearly no reputable files live to tell the tale. making an allowance for the latest epigraphical facts, the writer brings to lifestyles a desirable political determine. this is often the 1st research solely dedicated to Antigonus for over 80 years, and crucial studying for these attracted to the historical past of the Successors of Alexander.
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Additional info for Antigonus II Gonatas: A Political Biography
Argos was important enough for Antigonus to ensure his personal involvement when necessary. In addition to the rescue mission in 272, Antigonus seems to have been involved in a series 41 GREEK HEGEMONY of assassination attempts against Aratus of Sicyon—this in return for attempts by Aratus on the life of Aristippus. (Plut. Arat. 1). The assumption that Antigonus had friendly relations with the city of Megalopolis is largely inferential. The fact that Megalopolis was ruled by a tyrant for much of the third century does not necessarily connect the city with Antigonus in any way.
Sparta was traditionally hostile to Antigonus. It is a weak argument to assume that the enemy of one’s enemy must be a friend, but one can add to this the fact that the historian Polybius was a citizen of Megalopolis, whose family was of the opposing political faction to the tyranny of Aristodemus. Polybius is perhaps the source most hostile to Antigonus, and the source for the allegation that Antigonus supported tyrants (Polyb. 22). Megalopolis was in any case not worse than neutral toward Antigonus; there is no record of any difficulties whatsoever between Antigonus or any of his friendly allies, and Megalopolis.
And the importance of psychological victories (or defeats) should not be underestimated. The loser of a naval battle has lost expensive ships and valuable (perhaps irreplaceable) manpower. His remaining troops, friends, and allies are demoralized arid full of despair. They fight less effectively. The winner has suffered fewer and more bearable economic losses, and his remaining troops, friends, and allies are inspired to new and greater efforts. They fight more effectively. A naval victory can alter the course of the war.
Antigonus II Gonatas: A Political Biography by Janice J. Gabbert