By Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle
A accomplished examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies
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Additional info for Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations
44 When faced with an argument that involves “Coriscus” signifying two different individuals, Aristotle contrasts the wrong approach in [A] with the right approach in [B]. The wrong approach is to let the ambiguous use of “Coriscus” pass and to expect later to be able to answer an apparent refutation 34 FALLACIES DUE TO LANGUAGE by drawing subsequent distinctions. According to Aristotle, if one does not immediately challenge the ambiguity of “Coriscus” (called homonymy in [A]), his later attempts to distinguish the two Coriscuses by different linguistic qualiﬁcations will be answered easily, and the audience will end up more sure than before that the answerer has been truly refuted.
He stresses that false arguments do not really refute but only appear to do so. Therefore, it is sometimes sufﬁcient only to appear to resolve the false argument. 40 Such interpretations have contributed to the modern dismissal of Aristotelian dialectic as a serious philosophical tool. But nowhere here (or elsewhere) does Aristotle encourage sophistry. His point is that since the sophist has produced only the appearance of a refutation, then the philosopher’s goal is to dispel that appearance. One can best accomplish this by resolving the fallacy outright.
Names and “indeﬁnite names” are alike in that they both signify and can be applied to multiple individuals. They differ in the presence or absence of a unitary nature common to those multiple individuals. We know that Aristotle has restricted the number of highest kinds of things that are nameable. These are the Categories. 11 Each name signiﬁes by nature only one uniﬁed entity, and each such entity in turn falls into one of the kinds of things speciﬁed in the list of Categories. But if the number of names is truly limited by the number of nameable entities, then there also must be a limited number of inﬁmae species under the higher Categories.
Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the Sophistical refutations by Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle