New PDF release: Art of Reasoning with Symbolic Logic

By David Kelley

ISBN-10: 0393959139

ISBN-13: 9780393959130

ISBN-10: 1992012091

ISBN-13: 9781992012097

ISBN-10: 2002012091

ISBN-13: 9782002012090

An inviting replacement to conventional texts in introductory common sense, The artwork of Reasoning is largely acclaimed for its conversational tone and available exposition of rigorous logical concepts.

The 3rd version has been meticulously up to date and keeps the profitable pedagogical technique of the 2 past versions, guiding scholars throughout the basic parts of formal deductive good judgment, class and definition, fallacies, easy argument research, inductive generalization, statistical reasoning, and rationalization.

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Example text

But his expeditions lasted through only part of one dynastic period, from 1405 to 1433. The reason was that, like the Apollo moon missions of the United States during 1960s and 1970s, his voyages advanced power and science but brought back little of commercial value. The things the Chinese wanted were simply too close at hand to justify such far-flung efforts. For Northern Europeans of the same period, by contrast, the sea trade was immensely profitable because it carried spices that were both remote and highly prized.

In terms of who could vote, the Assembly was decidedly conservative, at least by modern standards. 7 Indeed, there were more slaves in Athens than voting citizens. THE DAWN OF LOGIC / 29 Also, women were excluded from open political participation, though the cause was at least partly technological. The subordination of women throughout much of human history is a complicated topic, in many ways mysterious; nevertheless, the thing to remember in the Athenian case is that the Assembly was first and foremost a war council.

Our method, however, will be to look at social forces—forces that have played out during formative periods—and we shall look at the forces behind four broad categories of logic as understood by professional logicians today: classical deductive logic, inductive logic, the analysis of informal fallacies, and modern symbolic logic. Logic underlies every attempt to scrutinize the world, but the study of logic has emerged only in precarious ways. Without a series of peculiar accidents—accidents of geography, trade, and politics—logic as a discipline might never have existed.

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Art of Reasoning with Symbolic Logic by David Kelley

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