By Jason Brownlee
Faraway from sweeping the globe uniformly, the 'third wave of democratization' left burgeoning republics and resilient dictatorships in its wake. utilizing greater than a yr of unique fieldwork in Egypt, Iran, Malaysia, and the Philippines, Jason Brownlee indicates that the combined list of modern democratization is healthier deciphered via a old and institutional method of authoritarian rule. Exposing the inner corporations that constitution elite clash, Brownlee demonstrates why the serious soft-liners wanted for democratic transitions were dormant in Egypt and Malaysia yet outspoken in Iran and the Philippines. by way of developing how ruling events originated and why they bog down switch, Brownlee illuminates the matter of up to date authoritarianism and informs the promoting of sturdy democracy.
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Extra info for Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization
0:22 P1: KNP 0521869515c01 CUNY736/Brownlee 0 521 86951 X The Political Origins of Durable Authoritarianism May 8, 2007 21 that they underestimated the problem of democratic breakdown (Linz 1978). Examples of regime change from durable dictatorship to durable democracy are harder to find than cases in which autocracy endured. Developments confirmed the structural theorists’ expectation that nondemocratic rule would continue to encompass much of the developing world. In 1991, the people in ninety-two countries continued to live under authoritarian rule (Diamond 1999: 25).
Subsequent events have validated this perspective to a rarely recognized degree. Political events largely supported the initial expectations of structural theorists that democratization would be rare and slow in much of the 1 The comments of an anti-Milosevic activist in Serbia are arguably as applicable to social scientists as to journalists: “One problem with world media is that they are only, you know, recording the final act – half a million people in the streets getting inside a parliament on the television, and boom, they lost it, it’s finished.
Several scholars have taken an approach to merging structural and voluntarist approaches similar to my own. Most specifically, the framework 4 My example here comes from the work of Paul Pierson, who has lucidly categorized causal arguments by the time span of processes and outcomes (Pierson 2003: 179). Pierson uses meteorological examples to clarify these differences: some causal processes may build up quickly and deliver their effects rapidly, like tornadoes; other phenomena, akin to global warming, may be the result of a more gradual accumulation of causal factors, and they may release their effects over a long period of time, as well.
Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization by Jason Brownlee