Beneficial Bombing: The Progressive Foundations of American by Mark Clodfelter PDF

By Mark Clodfelter

ISBN-10: 0803233981

ISBN-13: 9780803233980

The revolutionary period, marked through a hope for fiscal, political, and social reform, ended for many american citizens with the gruesome truth and devastation of worldwide conflict I. but for military Air provider officials, the carnage and waste witnessed at the western entrance in basic terms served to spark a brand new innovative movement—to reform warfare via hoping on harmful know-how because the tool of swap. In Beneficial Bombing Mark Clodfelter describes how American airmen, horrified by means of global warfare I’s trench struggle, became to the revolutionary rules of potency and financial system for you to reform warfare itself, with the heavy bomber as their option to proscribing the bloodshed. They have been confident that the plane, used as a bombing platform, provided the capacity to make wars much less deadly than conflicts waged via armies or navies.
Clodfelter examines the innovative idealism that ended in the construction of the U.S. Air strength and its doctrine that the finite destruction of precision bombing could finish wars extra fast and with much less ache for each belligerent. what's extra, his paintings exhibits how those revolutionary principles emerged intact after global struggle II to turn into the basis of recent U.S. Air strength doctrine. Drawing on a wealth of archival fabric, together with severe files unavailable to past researchers, Clodfelter provides the main entire research ever of the doctrinal improvement underpinning present U.S. Air strength notions approximately strategic bombing.

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Extra info for Beneficial Bombing: The Progressive Foundations of American Air Power, 1917-1945

Sample text

Discouraged by production deficiencies and convinced that an American strategic bombing campaign would never materialize, Wing Commander Grey returned to a British assignment. 74 In July 1918, Mitchell had insisted that the Chief of the Air Service, rather than the Army’s General Staff, should direct the Air Service’s ghq Reserve. 75 His plea went unheeded, even though the ghq Reserve existed in name only—an American squadron of night bombers did not arrive at the front until 9 November 1918. 29 g e n e s i s i n t h e g r e at wa r In his memoirs, Pershing articulated his views regarding the subordination of air power to ground combat.

Ignoring the issue of range, the study’s authors concluded that it took “two squadrons of bombing planes to equal the work of one 155mm. ”77 In the final analysis, the key reason that the United States never mounted a bomber offensive was indeed the failure to build bombers for it. 78 Arnold bemoaned the inefficient organization that divided responsibility for developing aircraft between the civilian Bureau of Aircraft Production and the Signal Corps’ Production Division. The Bureau, led by the former chief of Hudson Automobiles, Howard Coffin, supervised engineering, supply, and testing, while the Production Division oversaw procurement.

He thought that air raids would trigger 42 progressive prophecy evacuations of hundreds of thousands of people from urban areas. Those refugees would not be able to obtain adequate food or shelter, and their plight would cause a war to end. “There is only one alternative and that is surrender,” he wrote in 1930. ”17 Yet Mitchell neglected to say whether “surrender” would occur because the government of the battered nation was sympathetic to the plight of its people, feared overthrow by an irate populace, or had in fact been displaced by a new regime demanding peace.

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Beneficial Bombing: The Progressive Foundations of American Air Power, 1917-1945 by Mark Clodfelter

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