By NICHOLAS WADE WILLIAM BROAD
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Extra resources for Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science
Moreover, according to Popper, the riskier a theory, the better it is. That is, the best examples of scientific theories will be those that make specific, straightforwardly testable predictions, such that if those predictions turn out to be incorrect, this will strongly suggest that the theory is incorrect. In short, the best theories are those that expose themselves to being falsified. ) As a corollary to this, our best theories, according to Popper, are not those that have piled up tons of confirming predictions; rather, our best theories are those that have passed these sorts of tests in which the theory was exposed to the possibility of being falsified.
However, issues surrounding underdetermination are, as usual, complex, and in this brief section we will just take a brief look at this subject. O. 10 As usual, an example will help illustrate this notion. Consider again the Newton/Kepler sun-centered view, and the modernized Tychonic (earth-centered) view. As mentioned above, even though these are competing theories (one being an earth-centered theory; the other a sun-centered theory), both make the same predictions about observations such as the phases of Venus, where and when planets should be observed in the night sky, the positions and movements of the stars, times of solar and lunar eclipses, times of sunrise and moonrise, and so on.
Kitcher, P. 1981. 4: 507–31. Kitcher, P. and W. ). 1989. Scientific Explanation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Kitzmiller v. Dover Area Sch. Dist. 2005. 400 F. Supp. D. ). pdf (accessed March 10, 2008). Kuhn, T. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Lakatos, I. 1980. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Vol. I, J. Worrall and G. ). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lange, M. 2000. Natural Laws in Scientific Practice.
Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science by NICHOLAS WADE WILLIAM BROAD