By Douglas A. Phillips
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Additional resources for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Modern World Nations)
However, Tito also opposed all religions, so Islamic schools and Islamic religious manifestations, such as the veil for women, were discontinued. q 12/11/03 6:51 AM Page 58 58 Bosnia and Herzegovina Non-Aligned Movement. In 1968, Tito formally recognized Bosnia as the sixth republic within the country of Yugoslavia. With the death of Tito in 1980, the religious protections afforded Muslims and other religions gradually gave way to nationalist movements on the part of Croats and Serbs. Slobodan Milosevic pushed Serbs within Yugoslavia into a nationalist fervor in the late 1980s.
Muslims now have other political parties such as the Muslim-Bosniak Party and the Liberal Bosniak Party. This entrenchment of religion and politics serves as a continuing divide in the effort to address the common good of all citizens and the country as a whole. THE CROATS Croats compose the smallest of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s three major ethnic groups, with about 17 percent of the country’s population. The Croats were a tribe of Slavs, led by Chief Hrobatos (also spelled Chrovatos), who arrived in the Balkans with the Serbs in the seventh century and displaced or assimilated the former landholders, the Illyrians.
After nearly 400 years of Turkish rule, a reawakening of nationalist instincts occurred in the Balkans. Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina rebelled against Turkish rule in 1875 –1876. These countries, aided in part by their fellow Slavs, the Russians, defeated the Turks and pushed them from power by 1878. Russia played an important role in this victory, because it desperately sought access to warmwater ports on the Adriatic Sea and not because it was a crusading liberator.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Modern World Nations) by Douglas A. Phillips