By John Lowe
This pamphlet examines British overseas coverage from Castlereagh to Disraeli. targeting Britain's family members with different ecu and non-European powers akin to the USA, Afghanistan, South Africa and Egypt, this pamphlet examines the jobs of Canning, Palmerston, and Gladstone among others. the writer discusses British attitudes to empire, and analyses socio-economic, army and political components as they inspired international affairs.
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Additional resources for Britain and Foreign Affairs 1815-1885: Europe and Overseas (Lancaster Pamphlets)
News of an outbreak of revolt in Greece naturally caused some alarm until Metternich persuaded the tsar that it was the work of a revolutionary conspiracy centred on Paris, and not a noble cause that Russia should support. At the Congress of Verona, which met from October to December 1822, the main subject of discussion was not Greece, but Spain. On both of these issues, however, Britain and Austria had similar views, so it was possible for Castlereagh and Metternich to try to restore their earlier cooperation in European affairs.
The British government saw no reason for the great powers to intervene in the internal affairs of states who were unlikely to ‘infect’ the rest of Europe with their liberal ideas or radical antics. The French, however, saw a chance to play a bigger role in international affairs if they persuaded the Spaniards to adopt a moderate constitution on the lines of the French ‘Charter’ of 1814. Prussia, on the other hand, prompted by Russia, demanded action against the new regime in Spain. Metternich, perhaps surprisingly, accepted Castlereagh’s arguments formulated in a state paper in May 1820 that ‘the Alliance was made against France’, and was not intended for ‘the Superintendence of the Internal Affairs of other States’.
The way to break the deadlock was for Canning to see the need to begin a dialogue with St Petersburg in order to avoid a RussoTurkish war. Since Alexander wanted a rapprochement with Britain (having failed to persuade Metternich of the need for action to defend the Greeks against the rumoured Egyptian threat to depopulate the Morea by ‘ethnic cleansing’) an agreement seemed both possible and desirable. Even then it took until April 1826 to conclude the Anglo-Russian Protocol, which envisaged autonomy for the Greeks to be achieved (hopefully) by the mediation of the two powers.
Britain and Foreign Affairs 1815-1885: Europe and Overseas (Lancaster Pamphlets) by John Lowe